quarta-feira, 23 de junho de 2010
Barquito de papel,
sin nombre, sin patrón
y sin bandera,
navegando sin timón
donde la corriente quiera.
jinete de papel
que mi mano sin pasado
sentó a lomos de un canal.
Cuando el canal era un río,
cuando el estanque era el mar,
era jugar con el viento,
era una sonrisa a tiempo,
de país en país,
entre la escuela y mi casa,
después el tiempo pasa
y te olvidas de aquel
barquito de papel.
Barquito de papel,
en qué extraño arenal
tu sonrisa y mi pasado,
vestidos de colegial.
Edith Shain, la enfermera inmortalizada por Alfred Eisenstaedt, fallece a los 91 años
EL PAÍS / REUTERS - Madrid / Los Ángeles - 23/06/2010
El nombre de Edith Shain no nos dice nada, pero el eufórico beso que le dio un anónimo soldado de la Marina de EE UU en Times Square para celebrar el final de la II Guerra Mundial la ha convertido en uno de los grandes iconos de la fotografía y en la protagonista del más famoso de los besos famosos. Su familia ha informado de que la enfermera ha muerto a los 91 años.
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Edith Shain junto a Carl Muscarello, uno de los ex combatientes que dice ser el protagonista de la famosa foto, conmemoran el 60ª aniversario de la imagen en Times Square el 14 de agosto de 2005.- REUTERS
¿Y quién es él?
La identidad de la mujer no se conoció hasta finales de los años setenta, cuando la propia Shain escribió al fotógrafo para decirle que ella era la protagonista del momento épico que Eisenstaedt capturó el 14 de agosto de 1945. La mujer tenía 27 años y trabajaba por aquel entonces en el Doctor's Hospital de Nueva York. Sin embargo, la identidad de él sigue siendo un disputado misterio. Ese día, conocido como V-J Day (Victory over Japon Day), Japón se rindió a las tropas aliadas, acto que puso fin al conflicto más sangriento de la historia universal. Se anunció en el letrero luminoso del Times y, en un estallido de júbilo, la gente eufórica se tiró a las calles a celebrarlo y Eisenstaedt pudo capturar este momento, convertido en sinónimo de la felicidad y de la espontaneidad.
Una curiosidad: el teniente Victor Jorgensen, fotógrafo de la Armada estadounidense, captó exactamente la misma escena desde otro ángulo, con un encuadre ligeramente distinto, y su fotografía fue publicada pocos días después en el New York Times. En esta foto no se ve el pie en alto de la enfermera, símbolo del primer beso. Eisenstaedt fue acusado en numerosas ocasiones de haber trucado y preparado la imagen, pero él siempre lo negó, una versión corroborada por la enfermera. Según el fotógrafo, se dedicó a seguir por la calle a un fogoso marinero que iba besando a toda mujer que se lo permitía. A partir de que se revelada su identidad, Shain participó en numerosos acontecimientos relacionados con la efeméride, como desfiles, ofrendas florales y memoriales en recuerdo de los caídos. En un comunicado, su hijo, Justin Decker, recuerda que Shain "siempre estuvo dispuesta a afrontar nuevos desafíos y a mostrar su preocupación por los veteranos de II Guerra Mundial.
Shain, que falleció en su casa de Los Ángeles el pasado domingo, deja tres hijos, seis nietos y ocho biznietos. Todavía sigue sin identificar el soldado que protagonizó el beso y aún hay varios veteranos soldados de la Marina, hoy octogenarios, que dicen ser el hombre que agarró por la cintura a una desconocida para besarla. Año tras año desde 2004, cientos de parejas rememoran el mítico gesto en el mismo lugar de la Gran Manzana en un acto organizado por Times Square Alliance, una organización sin ánimo de lucro. La propia protagonista participipó en alguno de estos actos. Incluso hay una estatua, realizada por Seward Johnson y titulada Unconditional surrender, que se exhibe durante varios días en la calle donde se realizó la fotografía.
Alemán y judío, Eisenstaedt nació en Prusia (actualmente Polonia) y emigró a Estados Unidos en 1935, donde trabajó para Life desde 1936 hasta 1972. Aunque esta imagen, conocida como The Kiss (El Beso) es su fotografía más famosa, es también muy reconocido por sus retratos de estrellas y personajes de la política como Sophia Loren, Bill Clinton, Mussolini, Hitler, J. F. Kennedy o Hemingway.
“I’m still the good girl who wants to be a bad girl…”
- By Logan Hill
- Published Jun 20, 2010
Photographs by Juergen Teller. Hair and Makeup by Neil Young/Carol Hayes Management.
“All that getting sanctioned by authority, settling down and doing the right things—well, I can’t say it appeals much,” Helen Mirren once said to a reporter. “What I really fancy is getting a bit notorious … ”
It was 1974, and she was a 29-year-old actress teasing the journalist much as she would the press and audiences for the next 36 years. Mirren was then a rising star at the Royal Shakespeare Company—luridly dubbed “Stratford’s very own sex queen” by one paper. It was long before the authorities sanctioned her with a pile of awards (including an Oscar for The Queen), and before the Internet made her a viral phenom thanks to bodacious paparazzi shots of her cavorting in a bikini. At the age of 62. And guess what? She had it both ways: She got her notoriety and the fusty accolades.
“I am a little notorious,” Mirren remarks, still teasing. She says nearly everything with a mischievous twinkle, like a naughty teenager appending “ … in bed” to the end of every sentence. The actress, who turns 65 next month, is elegantly attired in pale rose and silver, her delicate hands (the nails tinted a matching pearlescent rose) constantly buttoning and unbuttoning her cardigan. It’s probably not meant flirtatiously, but with Mirren, every action can feel like a seduction. Perhaps it’s the small, black Native American tattoo on her left hand (the result, she says, of a wild, drunken night in Minnesota), her subtle finger to propriety. “It’s weird when your life becomes vintage, like a period movie,” she says half-seriously. “I’m getting less notorious as I get older. People forget that I ever was.”
Her latest role, not to mention the Juergen Teller photos attending this article, should help remind everyone. After a raft of prestigious parts and three Oscar nominations in the last decade, Mirren signed up to play Grace Botempo, the madam of a booming seventies Reno whorehouse in her husband Taylor Hackford’s film Love Ranch, opening June 30. (The film, based on Nevada’s real Mustang Ranch, is scripted and produced by New York contributing editor Mark Jacobson.) For years, Hackford, whom she married in 1997, has asked her to play smaller parts in his films. “And I said ‘Oh, for God’s sake! Of course I’m not going to do that!’ ” says Mirren. “They were never interesting enough parts, and I wasn’t going to do it just because he was directing it.”
Interesting is probably underselling Grace. Diagnosed with cancer and frustrated with an epically sleazy husband (Joe Pesci), Mirren’s madam begins a hot love affair with a beefy boxer 30 years her junior, played with abundant smolder by Spanish newcomer Sergio Peris-Mencheta. “He’s got a fabulous big-animal thing in that sort of raw, brutish, ugly-beautiful way,” says Mirren, who shares a steamy, and, because it’s her, entirely plausible love scene with Peris-Mencheta. In addition, she makes dick jokes, stomps on the throat of a misbehaving prostitute, and presides over the brothel with such swagger that Pesci shouts, “Who do ya think you are, the queen of fuckin’ England?” Well, yes.
In another of her earliest interviews, Mirren was quoted as saying, “I’m a would-be rebel—the good girl who’d like to be a bad one.” She says she continues, at heart, to be the good Catholic schoolgirl named Ilyena Vasilievna Mironov, who grew up in Essex, England, with a Russian father and an English mother. “It’s true! I haven’t grown out of that, have I?” she says, laughing. “I’m still the good girl who wants to be a bad girl. But I’ll never make it as a bad girl … I’m not a prude or a moralist and I never have been, but I’m too fearful, too much of a wimp, really.” When her husband tried to convince her to spend a night at the Mustang Ranch, Mirren refused. “I said, ‘Read my lips: I’m not going to spend a night in a brothel.’ ” In the end, she dispensed with research and simply took direction. “It’s amazing how quickly you get into dildos everywhere and pink-feather handcuffs. Within an hour you’re completely used to it.”
Mirren believes that brothels should be legalized because its safer for the sex workers. But she’s also loathe to romanticize working girls: “Susan Austin [the Mustang Ranch’s real madam] said you had to be tough, because maybe you do have 25 psychotic whores. A lot of them come from very dysfunctional backgrounds, and women together like that can be very dangerous.”
There’s the old joke about actors prostituting themselves for their work, but for Mirren, who’s revealed so much of herself (metaphorically and otherwise), and who has often spoken out about the way women get eaten up by the entertainment industry, it’s a complex metaphor. “The girls who work in the sex industry, they put themselves out of their bodies. An actor does sort of the opposite,” says Mirren, who talks about acting as giving every intimacy—emotional and physical—except actual intercourse. “People say ‘Oh, you play someone else.’ I’m always playing myself. You can only do it by going into yourself, in the deepest, most terrifying way. Not to say I haven’t ever prostituted myself quite often and happily. But in my heart it’s very serious.”
Mirren, who began as a devoted stage actress, schooled in Chekhov and Shakespeare, quickly learned to use her sexuality to her advantage. “Especially when you’re younger and you’re a female, you’re being judged physically as much as for everything else,” she says. “And when you’re a serious actress like I was … I’ve always taken it very seriously at that level.”
Of her scandalous early roles in 1969’s Age of Consent (when she stripped as the teenage muse of an older painter) or Gore Vidal and Bob Guccione’s nutty art-porn Caligula (1979), Mirren says she had a plan. “A lot of it is plain, old-fashioned practicality. I wanted to work,” she says. “When I did Caligula, for example, I hadn’t really done movies.” And besides, she adds, “I much prefer overt sexuality to sleazy, vulgar prurience.”
As Mirren explains it, she struggled to get a handle on her own sexuality in order to use its power to accomplish her ambitions. “The Playboy Mansion, coke, and the rise of all that—Guccione and Hefner always pushed it as liberation, but it didn’t seem like that to me,” she says. “That was women obeying the sexualized form created by men—though maybe we always do that, because we want to be attractive. But I was kind of a trailblazer because I demanded to do it my own way. I’d say, ‘I’m not having it put on me by someone else.’ I didn’t want to be the sort of puritanical good girl with a little white collar who says, ‘Don’t shag until you get married.’ ”
Now, her reputation secure, Mirren’s enjoying the results of her efforts. “I’m thrilled young girls are claiming their sexuality for themselves,” she says. “I love bold women: Madonna and Scarlett Johansson—sexy and gorgeous, but not only that. And Miley Cyrus—fantastic! And Lady Gaga. I love the way she’s elevated pop to performance art, or dragged performance art down to pop, or maybe made a wonderful amalgam of the two.”
With her coy smile, Mirren looks like the conspiring queen who’s usurped the throne, securing the kingdom for her heirs: “My girls: Miley, Scarlett, Lady Gaga. My team … Yes.”
Criação de @Pablo_Peixoto a partir de uma idéia de @alexpopst
Sotaque gaucho de merda: @Pablo_Peixoto
Obama orders McChrystal back to Washington after remarks about U.S. officials - The Washington Post - link (aqui)
Wednesday, June 23, 2010
Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal's belittling critique of some of the Obama administration's top officials left the president with a stark choice on Tuesday: overlook comments that border on insubordination, or fire his top commander at a critical moment in Afghanistan.
Even as thousands of U.S. troops were moving into Kandahar province for what is expected to be a crucial phase in one of the longest U.S. wars, McChrystal appeared dangerously close to losing his command because of the incendiary remarks he and members of his inner circle had made in an article in the current issue of Rolling Stone magazine.
While a U.S. official said that McChrystal had already made an informal resignation offer to senior military officials before flying to Washington, President Obama made it clear that it is up to him to decide the general's fate.
"I want to make sure I talk to him before I make any final decision," said Obama, whom aides described as furious over the article.
There was a widespread recognition among military and political officials that McChrystal had crossed a venerated line in criticizing his civilian chain of command. Even though McChrystal issued an apology, many of his staunchest backers said the remarks by him and his staff members in the article -- titled "The Runaway General" -- were grounds for dismissal.
Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said McChrystal made a "significant mistake" and used "poor judgment."
"Our troops and coalition partners are making extraordinary sacrifices on behalf of our security, and our singular focus must be on supporting them and succeeding in Afghanistan without such distractions," Gates said.
During his 12 months in Kabul, McChrystal has earned a reputation as a forthright commander with an unscripted style and a strong work ethic. He has forged a close working relationship with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, who was quick to come to the general's defense Tuesday, saying that his loss would be a major setback for the war effort.
Still, McChrystal has stumbled frequently in his interactions with the media, often to the great irritation of the White House. It has interpreted the general's outspoken manner as an effort to box Obama into backing a major troop surge and large-scale counterinsurgency strategy in Afghanistan.
In the article, McChrystal suggests that Ambassador Karl W. Eikenberry, the top U.S. civilian in Afghanistan, "betrayed" him by suggesting in a classified cable last fall that Karzai was not a credible partner in the counterinsurgency strategy that McChrystal was advocating. He and his staff also made derisive comments about Richard C. Holbrooke, the special representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan, and Vice President Biden, who has expressed skepticism regarding McChrystal's counterinsurgency strategy.
"Are you asking me about Vice President Biden? Who's that?" McChrystal is quoted as saying at one point in the article.
"Biden?" chimes in an aide who is seated nearby, and who is not named in the article. "Did you say: Bite Me?"
"I say this as someone who admires and respects Stan McChrystal enormously. The country doesn't know how much good he's done. But this is a firing offense," said Eliot A. Cohen, who served as a counselor to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in the latter days of the George W. Bush administration.
Much of McChrystal's career has been spent in the military's secretive Special Operations community, which rarely deals with the media and often views outsiders, even those within the military, with suspicion. Some of the most damaging statements in the Rolling Stone article were from his staff officers, who are also drawn heavily from the Special Operations community.
Gen. David H. Petraeus, head of the U.S. Central Command, spent a major part of his career in Washington and is far more practiced in dealing with reporters and the political leadership.
An administration official, discussing internal White House deliberations on the condition of anonymity, said McChrystal and his senior advisers are part of a unit "that is typically focused on intensive, sensitive, kinetic action."
But McChrystal's current post requires handling international diplomacy, military strategy and Washington politics. The official said that "it reaches beyond an insular fraternity of brothers."
"This wouldn't have happened in a thousand years with Dave Petraeus," the official added.
A U.S. military official said that the author of the Rolling Stone article, Michael Hastings, a freelance journalist who has also written for The Washington Post, was supposed to have had limited to access to McChrystal while he was in Europe. But after the eruption of a volcano in Iceland shut down air travel across Europe, stranding the general, Hastings had access to him for much longer.
The U.S. military official also said Duncan Boothby, McChrystal's civilian press aide, allowed Hastings to chat with staff members without establishing clear ground rules. Boothby resigned Tuesday.
White House officials said Obama was alerted to the article Monday when Biden called him around 8 p.m. Biden told Obama that McChrystal called him while he was traveling back from Illinois aboard Air Force Two to apologize for the article, which Biden had yet to read.
Obama got in touch with White House press secretary Robert Gibbs, requesting that he distribute the article to the president's senior advisers and to have them discuss its contents and begin to think about which course to take.
After reading the piece, Obama told aides that he thought McChrystal should be ordered to return for the monthly Situation Room meeting to be held Wednesday, the officials said. His advisers agreed.
The White House's frustration with the story ran deeper than ham-handed media relations. It hinted at a civilian-military divide that could damage the war effort.
McChrystal and his inner-circle officers have spent much of the past decade either at war or in some of the Pentagon's most demanding staff positions. The grinding deployments have fueled tension between the White House and the military that dates to the Afghan strategy review last fall. Some military officials, including many on McChrystal's staff, interpreted the president's decision at the time to impose a deadline on the U.S. troop surge as a sign that the administration wasn't serious about winning the Afghan war.
The major question confronting Obama was whether he could lose his general without losing the war.
"My advice is to call him back to Washington, publicly chastise him and then make it clear that there is something greater at stake here," said Nathaniel Fick, who served in Iraq and Afghanistan and is the chief executive officer of the Center for a New American Security, a think tank that has backed Obama's Afghan strategy. "It takes time for anyone to get up to speed, and right now time is our most precious commodity in Afghanistan."
If McChrystal is allowed to stay in command, he will have to work hard to repair his relationships with civilian leaders such as Eikenberry and Holbrooke. In recent months, senior U.S. officials and military experts have characterized the U.S. strategy in Afghanistan as disjointed, with the military and the State Department at times working at cross-purposes.
Before the article was published, the relationship between McChrystal and Eikenberry seemed to be improving. But deeper divides between the State Department and the military remained.
"Of all the keys to victory in counterinsurgency campaigns, the only one we fully control is unity of effort," said a civilian adviser to McChrystal's command. "It's absolutely critical. And we've made a complete mockery of it."
Londoño reported from Kabul. Staff writers Scott Wilson and Rajiv Chandrasekaran contributed to this report.